On September 2, the final meeting of the Board of the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation was held, dedicated to the results of the Department’s activities in 2019 and strategic tasks for 2020.
The event was attended by Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Victoria Abramchenko, Minister of agriculture Dmitry Patrushev, representatives of both chambers of the Federal Assembly, heads of subjects and regional agribusiness management bodies, Federal authorities and regulatory agencies, unions and associations, scientific and banking communities, as well as public organizations.
Natalia Shevtsova, Minister of agriculture of the Kaliningrad region, participated in the event in a video link format.
The participants of the meeting were welcomed by the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Vladimir Mishustin, who noted that according to the results of work in 2019, Russian farmers showed good results. “We expect that we will finish the year successfully as well. There are prerequisites for this. And not only due to the volume of production of large agricultural holdings, but also due to the work of small businesses. Farmers and individual entrepreneurs who receive grants from the state have increased agricultural production by more than a third,” the Prime Minister said. Vladimir Mishustin also stressed that it is important to continue working on the development of rural areas, build roads and houses, open schools and FAPs, repair clubs and conduct Internet-to do everything to make people in rural areas comfortable.
Victoria Abramchenko said that one of the most important tasks facing agriculture is to increase exports. “Russian agricultural products are already delivered to 160 countries and are represented in the Middle East, East and South Asia, Africa, the European Union and, of course, the CIS. Russia managed to exceed the plan for grain exports by almost 5%, while exports of meat and dairy products increased by 31%. Our task is to increase the export of agricultural products by 2024 almost twice. This is our key “growth point” for the coming years. The problem can be solved only by systematic approaches, ” Victoria Abramchenko said. First of all, according to the Deputy Prime Minister, this will be possible through the involvement of unused agricultural land in circulation, as well as through the development of infrastructure in rural areas.
Dmitry Patrushev in his report noted the increase in state support for the agro-industrial complex in the past year. 318.3 billion rubles were allocated to the state agricultural program, which is 64.2 billion rubles more than a year earlier. The agribusiness index reached 103.7%. The profit of agricultural organizations exceeded the level of 2018 by almost 13% and amounted to 353.8 billion rubles. The share of profitable organizations exceeded 84%, which is 1% higher than a year earlier. Wages in agriculture continued to grow steadily.
In 2019, Russian farmers collected more than 121 million tons of grain, which was the second harvest volume in the post-Soviet history. Other achievements of plant growers include record collections of oilseeds, sugar beets, and vegetables. Domestic animal husbandry has strengthened its position. Production of livestock and poultry increased by 283 thousand tons compared to 2018, and milk – by almost 750 thousand tons. there is a positive trend In the processing sector. The production of semi-finished meat products, canned food, cheeses, milk and dry cream, as well as sugar, vegetable oil, confectionery and pasta, and mineral water has increased.
The Russian agro-industrial complex has been strengthening its position in international markets for several years. In 2019, Russia delivered $ 25.6 billion worth of products and food to foreign markets. At the same time, the Minister stressed that it was possible to exceed the indicators not only for grain and fat-and-oil products, the demand for domestic products with high added value is growing.
The volume of foreign trade for the current year is 25 billion dollars. “In 2020, more than 30 billion rubles were pledged to support exports. However, we are not limited to financial measures. A lot of work continues on creating a system for promoting and positioning Russian products abroad. And, of course, the work on opening new markets does not stop even in connection with the current situation. We plan to get access to at least 13 more markets for various types of products in 2020, ” Dmitry Patrushev said.
Speaking about the situation in the industry in 2020, the Minister noted that the coronavirus pandemic has made its own adjustments in all areas, including the agro-industrial complex. “Nevertheless, it is very important that our global plans are not violated, including strategic ones. APK continued to work normally and smoothly even in the most active period of infection in the first place, providing Russians with high quality products in the required amount,” — said the head of the Ministry of agriculture.
As Dmitry Patrushev noted, despite the current situation and difficult weather conditions, Russian farmers regularly and on time carried out spring field work. Currently, the harvesting campaign is in an active phase-more than 101 million tons of grain have been harvested. Harvesting rates and yield indicators are significantly higher than in 2019.
For 7 months of 2020, the production of livestock, poultry and milk increased compared to the same period in 2019. In the food and processing industry, there was an increase in all major categories — the index of food production was 105.4%.
Every year, the state allocates a significant amount of funds to support the industry. In 2020, almost 337 billion rubles will be allocated for the development of agriculture and rural areas. The Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation, together with the subjects and agricultural producers, is working to improve the mechanisms, increasing the efficiency of using Federal budget funds.
Separately, the Minister focused on the work to improve the quality of life in rural areas, which is carried out within the framework of the state program “Integrated development of rural territories”, launched in 2020. 35.9 billion rubles are provided for its activities. According to the results of the first year, the effect of the state program will affect the territories where 4.9 million people live, which is 13% of the total rural population.
The hallmark of the state program was the mechanism of “rural mortgage”, which, according to Dmitry Patrushev, aroused interest among citizens. The tool has already been used by almost 17 thousand people in 80 regions of Russia. The volume of loans issued exceeded 33 billion rubles.
Among the strategic areas of work, the Minister outlined technological modernization, development of scientific and educational base, breeding base, increasing crop yields, putting agricultural land into circulation, as well as digital transformation of the agro-industrial complex.
“In the Kaliningrad region, the agro-industrial complex is one of the most important priorities of the regional state policy. We have significant opportunities for the development of the industry, which are related to the natural and climatic features of the region, the situation on the national and world markets of agricultural products,” Natalia Shevtsova said. — The industry is faced with the task not only to ensure food security and import substitution, but also to direct all efforts to increase export volumes.”
According to the Ministry of agriculture of the region, the region’s population is now fully self – sufficient in potatoes, 87% in eggs, 75% in meat and meat products, and 61% in vegetables. The population’s demand for whole milk is fully met, and the availability of deep-processed dairy products (cheeses, condensed milk, curd products) is 78%. The record year for Kaliningrad crop production was 2019, when the maximum yield of grain and rapeseed in the history of the region was obtained – 680 thousand tons and 118.7 thousand tons, respectively.
Thanks to the construction of new livestock complexes in the dairy and meat cattle breeding industries, the construction of pig farms
in the region, there is a dynamic growth in the gross production of milk and meat. From 2012 to 2020, annual gross milk production increased to 184.4 thousand tons, or 24 %. According to the results of work for 2019 in agricultural organizations of the region that are not related to small and medium-sized businesses, the yield per feed cow amounted to 8,764 kilograms, which puts the region in the top three for this indicator in Russia. The production of livestock and poultry for slaughter in live weight is growing every year. At the end of 2019, the production of livestock and poultry for slaughter in live weight in farms of all categories amounted to 93.2 thousand tons,which is 14% higher than the previous year.
In 2019, in comparison with 2014, the agricultural sector not only increased the regional level of self-sufficiency, but also doubled the volume of exports of food products and agricultural raw materials. The main exports from the Kaliningrad region are products of the fat and oil industry, cereals, fish and seafood. According to preliminary information, exports of fat and oil products in the first half of 2020 increased by 23 % compared to the same period last year.
With the growth of agricultural production, the share of the sector in the gross regional product also increased (according to preliminary data, up to 7 % in 2019).
At the end of the final meeting of the Board of the Ministry of agriculture, Dmitry Patrushev said that in recent years, the agro-industrial complex and the fisheries sector have shown steady growth due to state support, technology development and, of course, thanks to the hard work of farmers. Over the past few years, we have managed to change the perception of agriculture as an unprofitable and risky industry, and to form an understanding that it is a modern and profitable business.